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Fortress Kastel in Banja Luka

Development of the project of remodeling and revitalization of the fortress "Kastel" in Banja Luka is in progress. The basis for the Detailed design is Concept design (march 2008.), which was made by “Građenje“ a.d. Sarajevo East on the basis of award-winning design of team of authors of “Građenje“ a.d. at the International Competition for architectural and urban design revitalization and remodeling (december 2006.), and recommendation of the selection committee.
The first beginnings of settlement on the site of Kastel fortress originate from  Paleolithic era which is indicated by stone tools and weapons. The position of this settlement furtherdeveloped through the epoch of Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements characteristic of the Baden culture because of its elevated parts of the Vrbas river terraces.Through historical era fortress lived and flourished with the nations that haveconquered and inhabited these spaces. Starting with the Roman conquerors over the tribes to Slovene srijednjevjekovnih Austro-Hungarian and Turkish influence.
Historically, the architecture of the city represented the embodiment of collectivememory in the final defined structures, and the close correspondence between the city secured a place in real space and a range of interpretations, which had its basis in the defined conventions of the established views and interpretations.
For these reasons, the revitalization of the fortress Kastel is accessed only afterbeing overcome by the contexts in which it as an urban place is a mover and a generator of social life. The fields in which they are moving architectural thought:historical context, social context, political context, physical and environmentalframework. Kastel Fortress is the historical core of Banja Luka, the place of itsfounding. Through the turbulent historical era it was the backbone of the city development.
Located in the city center, at the mouth of the river Vrbas in the Church, this attractivespace units, playful silhouettes, rustic stone and multiple forms of historical strata, itexperienced its full affirmation (the revival, properly use and presentation on a larger scale).
Basic principles of materialization of space are based on preserving and emphasizing morphological, ambient and construction characteristics of Kastel fortress. In this sense, priority is given to the reconstruction and rehabilitation of existing structureswhile all the new facilities, new architectural elements are resolved, restricted, neutral,ambient harmonized forms in accordance with modern principles of reconstruction of historic buildings. In addition to structures that are now visible project is planned and appropriate display of archaeological remains in the area of Kastel, which speaks to different historical epochs in the development of this area.
This urban area offers countless opportunities for rehabilitation and recovery of all itsparts.
The continuity of the transformation space fortress Kastel, viewed from the standpointof present and future ways of using treatment of this very trust-worthy urban areas,regardless of the current degradation, transformation and outdated primary purpose, inevitably leads to the need to question the possibility to activate the space through a new secondary purpose.